International Competition Fora
CCCS participates actively in the regional and international competition groupings such as the Competition Policy and Law Group (CPLG) in APEC; the ASEAN Experts Group on Competition (AEGC) in ASEAN; the ICN as well as the OECD. These platforms enable us to actively contribute to the promotion of pro-competition policies and to exchange experiences with fellow competition practitioners from around the world on the latest developments in issues relating to competition policy and law.
APEC was established in 1989 to facilitate economic growth, cooperation, trade and investment for economics in the Asia-Pacific region. APEC’s primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific Region by championing free and open trade and investment, promoting and accelerating regional economic integration, encouraging economic and technical cooperation, enhancing human security, and facilitating a favourable and sustainable business environment.
APEC's 21 Member Economies are Australia; Brunei Darussalam; Canada; Chile; People's Republic of China; Hong Kong, China; Indonesia; Japan; Republic of Korea; Malaysia; Mexico; New Zealand; Papua New Guinea; Peru; The Republic of the Philippines; The Russian Federation; Singapore; Chinese Taipei; Thailand; United States of America; Viet Nam.
CCCS contributes to the APEC Competition Policy and Law Group (CPLG) that strives to develop an understanding of regional competition laws and policies, to examine the impact on trade and investment flows, and to identify areas for technical cooperation and capacity building among member economies.
As part of the ASEAN community, Singapore plays an active role in working with other ASEAN members to develop sound competition policies and best practices for the region. The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint acknowledges the importance of competition policy and law (CPL) in promoting economic development and integration. Under the AEC Blueprint 2025, ASEAN Member States (AMSs) aim to provide a level playing field for all firms through effective implementation and enforcement of competition policy and law.
Based on the AEC Blueprint, an ASEAN Competition Action Plan (ACAP) 2025 has been developed. The ACAP details the strategic goals, initiatives and outcomes on competition policy and law for ASEAN from 2016 to 2025.
The ASEAN Economic Ministers endorsed the establishment of the ASEAN Experts Group on Competition (AEGC) in August 2007 as a platform to look into CPL issues in ASEAN. The AEGC is an official body comprising representatives from the competition authorities and agencies responsible for competition policy and law in AMSs. It oversees cooperation activities relating to competition policy and law in ASEAN as well as implementation of measures under the AEC Blueprint. CCCS represents Singapore at the AEGC and has been an active contributor to the various initiatives and activities at the AEGC.
CCCS has been involved in various AEGC work initiatives as follows:
- Work Group on Developing Strategy and Tools for Regional Advocacy – as chair of the work group, CCCS led the development of a toolkit on competition advocacy in ASEAN. The toolkit serves as a step-by-step guide for competition authorities in the region on how to advocate competition policy and law issues to various stakeholders in their respective jurisdictions. The toolkit also includes templates for AMSs to adapt for their own use, as well as case studies on successful advocacy approaches and outcomes in the region.
- Work Group on Website – CCCS chaired a work group to develop a one-stop web portal to provide updates on CPL developments in ASEAN. The web portal also serves as a platform for AEGC members to interact and share information. The web portal can be accessed at http://www.asean-competition.org/. Subsequently, CCCS led efforts to revamp the web portal to ensure its continued relevance to relevant stakeholders.
To complement the web portal, a set of competition advocacy collaterals in the form of a brochure and pamphlet was also developed to raise awareness among the general public on competition policy and law in the region. Through simple language, the collaterals aim to educate businesses and consumers in ASEAN on key principles of competition policy and law, particularly with regards to its application in the region.
- Developing Regional Core Competencies on Competition Policy and Law Work Group – which developed a set of guidelines on core competencies in competition policy and law based on the experiences of AMSs as well as internationally-recommended practices. The guidelines are intended to assist and provide guidance to competition agencies in ASEAN in building up required competencies, specifically in the areas of (i) Institutional Building; (ii) Enforcement; and (iii) Advocacy.
- Regional Guidelines Work Group – which developed a set of guidelines to serve as a reference framework for AMSs as they introduce, implement and develop CPL in their respective countries;
- Handbook on Competition Policy and Law in ASEAN for Business Work Group – which developed a handbook targeted at non-competition experts and the business community to give them a basic understanding of CPL across AMSs. This will particularly benefit businesses with existing operations in AMSs as well as businesses which intend to expand their operations to ASEAN countries. The Handbook was updated in 2017 to take into consideration the latest CPL developments and policies in the various AMSs.
- Toolkit on Competition Compliance in ASEAN – CCCS led the development of a toolkit to facilitate competition compliance by businesses operating in ASEAN and to provide guidance to ASEAN Member States on promoting business compliance with competition law.
View the various work products and publications developed by the AEGC.
ICN (International Competition Network)
The ICN is the only dedicated international body for competition law enforcement and it provides an informal platform for networking and addressing practical competition concerns among competition authorities worldwide. Annual conferences and regular workshops provide opportunities for discussions on various working group projects and their impact on competition enforcement. These allow the formation of a dynamic dialogue that is consensus driven to facilitate convergence towards adoption of best practices.
There are currently five working groups in the ICN:
CCCS participates actively in ICN activities and makes contributions in various working groups. For example, we hosted the first regional workshop on Unilateral Conduct in Singapore from 24 to 25 July 2012 and more recently, the ICN Annual Conference in April 2016.
CCCS is elected as a member of the ICN Steering Group which guides the work of ICN and CCS is also co-chairing the Advocacy working group from 2017 to 2020.
OECD (Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development)
The OECD brings together the governments of countries to discuss among themselves issues that support sustainable economic growth, employment, living standards, financial stability, economic development and contribution to world trade. It is a platform for policy makers to compare experiences, seek solutions to common problems and identifying best practises.
CCCS participates in OECD activities on competition law and policy that actively encourages governments to tackle anti-competitive practices and regulations. These include contributing papers and speaking on Singapore’s experiences at the annual OECD Global Forum on Competition (GFC). The GFC is an annual event that brings together high-level competition officials from around the world. The GFC provides an opportunity for policy dialogue between OECD and non-OECD countries. Our contributions for the past three years are:
CCCS also jointly organized the CCS-OECD Korea Policy Centre (KPC) "Leaders Seminar on Advocacy" in June 2015.